Difference between Resin and Plastic

Last modified: August 12, 2019
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The main difference between resin and plastic is that resin is mainly derived from plants whereas plastic is derived from petrochemicals.

Comparison Chart

Basis of Distinction Resin Plastic
Definition An inflammable organic substance that is insoluble in water and is obtained from trees and other plants. An artificial material derived from various organic polymers like nylon, PVC, polyethylene, etc.
Durability Less durable More durable
Meltability No Yes
Durability No Yes
Environmental Issues No Yes

What is Resin?

Material science and polymer chemistry define resin as a highly viscous and solid substance obtained from synthetic or origin or plant. It has the property of being convertible into polymers. It is also used as a supplement for most of the plastic based substances.

It itself is the mixture of several organic compounds namely terpenes. It is produced by the most of the woody plants when these plants get an injury in the form of cut. As compared to the plastic, it is less consist, volatile, and among other things of diterpene.

The common examples of resin are balsam, Canada balsam, balm of Gilead, and several others those trees that belong to the family of Dipterocarpaceae. Resin has a long history since ancient age where it was being treated as prized substances and was given a religious value as well.

From a chemical point of view, it can be categorized into a group of semi-solid and solid amorphous compounds. Both of these are directly obtained from the plants as exudations.

It is found in yellowish brown and some tress in dark brown colors. It is used for several purposes like sealing boats, food containers, mummies, etc. In modern days, these are being used as additional compounds into polymers.

What is Plastic?

According to material science, plastic is a substance that can be mold in different forms.

These are kind of organic polymers containing high molecular mass. It is not found in pure form and often contain several other substances as well to get the proper shape.

Subject to the requirement of material, it is made from different things. Most of the types of plastics are obtained as derivate product from petrochemicals while there are many that are made from renewable materials like cellulosic from cotton linters or polylactic acid from corn.

Material science uses it the common term for all those materials that are capable in reversing their form without getting broken but requires a high degree with the class of moldable polymers. Today these are being used as a replacement of most of the products because of being low-cost products, versatility, ease of manufacturer, and the quality of getting molded in several forms.

In the modern era, it has continuously replaced several other traditional materials like stone, horn, words, leather, metal, glass and much more. According to recent research over the usage of plastic as a substitute product, plastic us being used for packaging purpose and as a material for buildings components like piping or vinyl siding.

Key Differences

  1. The resin is simply a form of unprocessed plastic while plastic is the final product for using further.
  2. Solid resin has a bit more versatility regarding how it can be formed. It is also supposedly easier to repair. Both of these qualities are not the part of the solid plastic.
  3. The resin is a viscous hydrocarbon secretion of many plants mainly coniferous trees while plastic is a sculptor and molder.
  4. Resins are more original as compared to plastic that seems unnatural. Resins are directly derived from plant oozes while plastics are of a synthetic polymeric nature.
  5. Plastic is more stable and containing fewer impurities as compared to resins that are full of many impurities.
  6. The resin is mainly derived from plants whereas plastic is derived from petrochemicals.
  7. Plastic is dense and hard in nature while the resin is viscous and gluey substance.
  8. Plastic are slow in degrading and causes environmental pollution and various additives found in plastic have toxic characteristics while the resin is a natural product, so it is environment friendly.
  9. Natural resin is thick, sticky organic liquid that is insoluble in water. Plastic is synthetic resin in the form of long chain polymers derived from petroleum.
  10. Plastic can be remelted while the resin’s hard to remelt
  11. The resin is entirely an organic substance while plastic is an inorganic material.

Video Explanation

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